Report on IAPR TC4(2009.1~2010.6)
1.TC Background Information
1.1. Listing of TC Leadership Team
Chair: Prof. Tieniu Tan (Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Vice Chair: Prof. Massimo Tistarelli (University of Sassari, Italy)
Secretary: Dr. Zhenan Sun (Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
1.2. TC website URL
1.3. Number of members (people on mailing list)
1.4. Communication types used (e.g. newsletters) and frequency
Email, twice per year
1.5. Listing of key event(s) usually organised by the TC
IAPR International Conference on Biometrics (ICB)
Summer School for Advanced Studies on Biometrics for Secure Authentication
2. Activities in the last two years (since ICPR2008)
2.1. Website updates
2.1.1. Educational information
Update of the information of Summer School for Advanced Studies on Biometrics for Secure Authentication
There was a tutorial session during the ICB 2009. The tutorial speakers were Prof. Emilio Mordini (CSSC Rome, Italy) and Prof. Terry Boult (University of Colorado, USA). Each morning session was opened with a keynote speech of one hour. The invited speakers are all internationally recognized researchers from both academia and industry.
2.1.3. Description of application areas
Application of iris recognition for coal miner identification and banking was shown.
2.1.4. Examples of successful projects
Multi-modal long-range biometrics recognition systems
Demos of iris recognition and palmprint recognition were shown
2.1.6. Reference resources (datasets, evaluation tools)
TC4 promotes public domain sharing of biometrics resources such as biometrics databases. A sizeable iris image database (CASIA Iris Image Database) was released. More than 3,000 researchers from 70 countries or regions have been the users of this database. CASIA Iris Image Database is currently the most widely used iris image database in the international biometrics community. Other biometrics databases in public domain include CASIA Gait Database, CASIA Face Database, CASIA Fingerprint Database, CASIA Multi-spectral Palm Database, CASIA Palmprint Database, CASIA Handwriting Database, etc.
Most biometric algorithms are tested on different datasets and with different protocols, so it is difficult to compare the performance of various biometric systems. In order to track the state-of-the-art of biometrics and identify potential problems, TC4 constructed a website namely Biometrics Ideal Test (http://biometrics.idealtest.org, or BIT for short) for biometric database sharing and algorithm evaluation. Testing data, protocols, result reporting modules are integrated into a unified platform. The mission of BIT is to facilitate biometrics research and development by providing quality public services to biometric researchers. Biometrics researchers are welcome to register an account in BIT so that they can download publicly available iris, face, fingerprint, palmprint, multi-spectral palm and handwriting databases and submit their algorithms online for third-party testing and certification free of charge. The test mode of BIT is self-assistance so users can submit their algorithms and select any sequestered database to test their algorithms whenever they want.
2.2 Research Initiatives
2.2.1. Events organized
1) The 3rd IAPR International Conference on Biometrics (ICB), 2009
The flagship activity of TC4 is the IAPR International Conference on Biometrics (ICB). It was established in 2006 by merging AVBPA, ICBA, etc. and has become the flagship and premier international conference on biometrics. The 3rd edition of the main and most prestigious conference in biometrics has been held in Alghero of Italy on June 2nd to 5th 2009 and hosted by the Computer Vision Laboratory, University of Sassari. The technical co-sponsorship of IEEE has been definitely granted though the IEEE Biometrics Council. The Council also granted the co-sponsorship to the Int.l Summer School on Biometrics. Therefore both events will be permanently joint IAPR/IEEE co-sponsored events. ICB2009 received a large number of high-quality submissions. In all 254 papers were submitted from more than 30 countries around the world. Of these 37 papers were accepted for oral presentation and 93 papers were accepted for poster presentation. The proceeding was published as a volume (No. 5558) of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) by Springer. Figure 1 shows the statistics of submitted and accepted papers in all three ICB conferences, which demonstrate the increase of high-quality accepted papers in ICB.
Figure 1 Statistics of papers on all three ICB conferences
2) The 6th and 7th Summer School for Advanced Studies on Biometrics for Secure Authentication, 2009 and 2010
As a co-sponsor, TC4 together with its members is actively involved in the 6th and 7th Summer School for Advanced Studies on Biometrics for Secure Authentication which were held on June 8-12, 2009 and June 7-11, 2010 respectively in Italy. The courses provided a clear and in-depth picture on the state-of-the-art in biometric verification/identification technology, both under the theoretical and scientific point of view as well as in diverse application domains. The talks were delivered by 18 out of the best internationally reputed experts, both from academia and industry, actively working in several fields related to biometric technologies. The school is open to about 40 highly qualified, motivated and pre-selected students every year. PhD students, post-docs, young researchers or industrial professionals in the field are encouraged to apply.
3) Selection of biometrics awards
Upon approval by the IAPR ExCom, TC4 has established the IAPR Best Biometrics Student Paper Award (BBSPA). This award is intended to ensure the livelihood and sustainability of the international biometrics community. In addition to BBSPA, Best Biometrics Paper Award and Best Student Paper Award were selected and announced at ICB2009:
· the IAPR Best Biometric Student Paper Award was given to Chris Boehnen, Tanya Peters and Patrick J. Flynn for the paper “3D Signatures for Fast 3D Face Recognition”
· the Best Student Paper Award sponsored by Sagem, was given to Chun Chen and Raymond Veldhuis for the paper “Binary Biometric Representation through Pairwise Polar Quantization”
· a Best Paper Award sponsored by Accenture was given ex-equo to Yi Chen and Anil K. Jain for the paper “Beyond Minutiae: A Fingerprint Individuality Model with Pattern, Ridge and Pore Features” and to Norman Poh, Rita Wong, Josef Kittler and Fabio Roli for the paper “Challenges and Research Directions for Adaptive Biometric Recognition Systems”
The papers were selected from two juries. The former, selecting the best student papers, was composed of 7 members from the IAPR TC. The latter, selecting the non-student papers, was composed by 5 members. The conference chairman chaired both committees. None of the members of the committees, including the chair, had any papers included in the list of candidates for the awards.
Selection of BBSPA 2010 was completed and the result will be released on ICPR2010.
2.2.2. Publicity / dissemination activities
The first open plenary meeting of the IAPR Technical Committee on Biometrics was held on Wednesday 4th during ICB09. The meeting was opened by the current TC chair Prof. Tieniu Tan, who presented an overview of the past and current activities of the TC. Some future and planned activities were also presented. The presentation from Prof. Tan was then followed by an open discussion with proposals from the floor, moderated by the TC vice-chair and conference chairman, Prof. Massimo Tistarelli. Several interesting proposals and ideas for future activities were presented. The meeting closed with a broader awareness of the IAPR TC activities as well as the willingness to cooperate to bring the planned proposals further.
TC4 members actively involved in the edition of handbook and encyclopedia of biometrics.
One of the main limitations of the precursors of today’s biometrics, which is still present in the vast majority of the existing biometric systems, has been the need to keep the device in close contact with the subject to capture the biometric measurements. This clearly limits the applicability and convenience of biometric systems. Committee members of TC4 Professors Massimo Tistarelli and Rama Chellappa, along with Prof. Stan Li edited a Handbook of Remote Biometrics published by Springer in 2009. This book presents an important step in addressing this limitation by describing a number of methodologies to capture meaningful biometric information from a distance. Most materials covered in this book have been presented at the International Summer School on Biometrics. The last four chapters of the book are derived from some of the best presentations by the participating students of the school.
Many TC4 committee members also participated in the edition of the Encyclopedia of Biometrics. This book provides a comprehensive reference to concepts, technologies, issues, and trends in the field of biometrics. The volume covers all important aspects – research, development, and applications, including biometric sensors and devices, methods and algorithms, sample quality, system design and implementation, databases, performance testing, information security, and standardization. Leading experts around the world contributed to this collection of over 200 in-depth essays accompanied by more than 600 definitional entries.
3. Plans (timeline until ICPR2012 and beyond)
1) ICB 2011 will be jointly organized by Prof. Kevin Boyer and Prof. Rama Chellappa in Washington DC, USA. That year the conference will be named International Joint Conference on Biometrics as it will be the only main conference in biometrics, merging also the conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS) which is held every year in US.
2) Summer School on Biometrics will be held annually.
3) A special issue on advanced biometrics will be organized on a top journal.
4) The website of BIT(Biometrics Ideal Test) will be improved to include more biometric databases and evaluation tools.
5) Attract more biometric researchers to join TC4 through BIT and other biometrics resources.
4. Recommendations to ExCo for TC leadership team for 2010-2012 term
Chair: Prof. Massimo Tistarelli (University of Sassari, Italy)
Vice-Chair: Associate Prof. Arun Ross (West Virginia University, USA)
Secretary: Dr. Zhenan Sun (Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences)